Monday, February 27, 2012

Hieroglyphics and the Egyptians | 3,000 BC

In the sixth century BC, what three civilizations invaded Egypt? 
Persians, greeks, and romans 

What was discovered on the inside of the temples?
Carved and painted images on every wall and surface
Scholars believe that Ancient Egyptians were inspired and influenced by which written language?
What is the difference between logographic and alphabetic elements?
Alphabetic came later
The term Hieroglyphic derived from what two Greek words?
Hiero and glyphic
What is a scribe? 
A person that is able to read and write
Who else was trained to read and write? Why? 
Military leaders so they could communicate while in battle. 

What is papyrus and how was it made?
It is a substrate made from reeds native to egypt. Wet reeds are placed criss cross over each other then flattened and left to dry. They are then rubbed with flat stones until the surface becomes smooth.
What is a substrate?
Something on which some process occurs or a material from which and organism lives.
What were the Books of the Dead?
Instructions and spells to help them find their way to the afterlife.
How did Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics become a forgotten language?
Over time people who could read and write the language disappeared until there was no one left who knew how to decipher the ancient language. 

What is the Rosetta Stone? Where was it discovered?
It is a slab with inscriptions on it, found near a fort in rosetta.
What three languages are included on the stone?
Egyptian hieroglyphics, demotic, and greek
Why couldn't the text on the Stone be deciphered?
A chunk of the stone was missing so none of the three texts were complete
Who finally deciphered the text? What was his breakthrough?
Champollion, he was able to mach up the hieroglyphics symbols with the greek version of he name "Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses".
Why does the interpretation of the Rosetta Stone have such significance?

It allowed us to learn a great deal about egyptian culture.

1 comment:

  1. What in the name of everything... The hieroglyph is taking the position of the Faravahar... A Persian God and the first religion with only one God.

    Could it be that this is the tomb of a follower of the Faravahar?